Technology has made it easier to harass women24 Mar, 2017
Farzana Ali is Bureau Chief, AAJ TV- Peshawar, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan
What are you experiences with online harassment and trolling from your work?
Whenever I do any programs about the government of Khyber Pakhtunkwa (KPK), which is not as per their liking, I receive a barrage of comments in very vulgar and abusive language. In print you are faceless and only words represent you, but in TV Journalism, you have to be there right in front of camera. You can’t hide yourself and so you are exposed to the world physically.
How important an issue is online harassment of women journalists? Has technology made it easier to harass women journalists, shame them and silence them?
When you are working in conflict areas like KPK or reporting from Tribal Areas it is almost like playing with one’s life. In a pure Pushtoon society, religious extremism and misconceptions are at such heights that even women’s faces are not tolerated, I leave home saying good-bye to my husband and son as if I am looking at them for the last time, and they would receive my dead body any time from the hospital.
But technology has made it easier to harass women journalists. I saw this in many cases especially when women are working in the field, we were always worried about footage shot on mobile phones by our colleagues or someone else and they post it with offensive comments, or go on to troll women by distorting situations. Once, a female colleague was waiting in car for a cameraman who was buying some food. But someone posted this video with a comment that she was waiting for her bureau chief who was booking a hotel room for them, which has other implications. They also put her number out in public saying “if you want to do something with her you can contact her on this number.”
Should hate speech and online misogyny be filtered/moderated? What are the implications for freedom of speech?
Yes it should be filtered because in recent cases we have seen hate speech create many problems for journalists. Freedom of speech does not mean creating risk for others’ life.
What steps has your organisation taken to tackle online harassment and ensure that you and your colleagues can freely express yourselves? Do you think this is enough? What would an ideal social media policy look like?
No we don’t have any such thing at an organisation level but we personally have attended some workshops on issues of online security.
What more can be done –by journalists themselves; unions, media organisations, social media platforms, the public and law enforcers– to defend women’s right to free expression online with confidence and security?
By improving law and enforcement of these laws, things will change for women journalists. Journalist by themselves can improve it through capacity building workshops on this issue because most of us, including me, are unaware of how to deal with online threats.
- Byte Back: A Journalist’s Guide to Combat Cyber Harassment in South Asia 03/30/2017 Download
- IFJ List of Journalists and Media Staff Killed in 2016 02/06/2017 Download
- Breaking the Walls: The fight for freedom of expression in the digital space in South Asia 05/31/2016 Download